Lanesharing

Current & proposed legislation and political happenings that affect the two-wheeled community

Re: Lanesharing

Postby Jillian » Thu Feb 02, 2012 1:19 pm

Les motos bientôt autorisées à remonter les files de voitures ?
Image
Tous les jours, des motos se fraient un chemin entre les files de voitures sur le périphérique ou l'autoroute, surtout en région parisienne. Cette pratique interdite pourrait être légalisée, sous certaines conditions, a récemment indiqué le ministre de l'intérieur, Claude Guéant. Un groupe de travail, présidé par un préfet, Régis Guyot, qui devra rendre un rapport fin juin, s'est réuni pour la première fois le 23 janvier, au ministère de l'écologie, du développement durable, des transports et du logement, afin d'examiner ces conditions.
Il y a longtemps que les motards demandent la légalisation de la remontée de file, qui leur permet de se faufiler entre les voitures et d'éviter les embouteillages.
"Nous n'existerions pas si nous ne pouvions pas le faire !", s'exclame par exemple Cyril Masson, président de la société de motos-taxis Citybird, qui peut ainsi conduire ses passagers de Paris à l'aéroport de Roissy deux fois plus vite qu'en voiture.
Il n'existe pas d'infraction correspondante dans le code de la route, mais les motards se font verbaliser pour trois raisons, qui peuvent se cumuler : non-respect de la distance de sécurité (article R 412-12) - 3 points de permis et une amende de 4e classe (135 euros) ; dépassement par la droite (R 414-6) - mêmes sanctions ; changement de file non justifié (R 412-24) - amende de 2e classe (35 euros).
Pourtant, la pratique génère peu d'accidents, constate l'Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l'aménagement et des réseaux (Ifsttar). Seuls 1 % des accidents mortels et 3,4 % des accidents corporels impliquant des motos ont eu lieu entre deux files, en 2009. Mais les motards doivent faire preuve d'une grande vigilance.
Onze d'entre eux, expérimentés, filmés et interrogés par les chercheurs de l'Ifsttar, entre août 2010 et août 2011, expliquent ainsi qu'avant de s'engager entre deux files, ils observent l'orientation des roues de la voiture qui les précède, ainsi que les gestes du conducteur, dont ils craignent un déboîtement intempestif. Ils essaient d'être visibles en activant leurs warnings (feux de détresse) ou en faisant des déplacements latéraux, et vérifient qu'ils ont bien été détectés en cherchant le regard du conducteur dans son rétroviseur.
Certains automobilistes trouvent la pratique des motards anxiogène, surtout lorsque ceux-ci donnent un coup de pied dans leur voiture, afin qu'elle s'écarte, ou qu'ils klaxonnent tout le long de la remontée de file. La Fédération française des motards en colère (FFMC), qui revendique 10 000 adhérents et participe au groupe de travail, déconseille ces comportements agressifs.
Laurent Hecquet, le secrétaire général de 40 Millions d'automobilistes, qui se présente comme "leur porte-parole avec 320 000 adhérents", se dit, pour sa part, favorable à un "partage" de la route. Cette association est également membre du groupe de travail.
La Belgique a autorisé la pratique de la remontée de file, en septembre 2011, à condition que les motards ne dépassent pas la vitesse de 50 km/h. Le différentiel souhaitable avec les voitures ne doit pas dépasser 20 km/h. "Mais les Belges n'ont prévu aucune conséquence en matière de responsabilité, en cas d'accident", observe Jean-Luc Névache, le délégué interministériel en charge de la sécurité routière. "En Belgique, la jurisprudence tranchera. En France, nous souhaitons que ce soit le législateur qui règle ces questions à l'avance", précise-t-il. Des représentants des assureurs et des mutuelles participent d'ailleurs au groupe de travail. Celui-ci pourrait décider qu'une voiture ayant mis son clignotant pour changer de file est prioritaire sur la moto. Les motards ne devraient pas non plus être autorisés à se doubler entre eux.
-Rafaële Rivais

http://www.lemonde.fr/rendez-vous/artic ... _3238.html

(my translation:)
Motorcyclists Might Soon Be Able to Split Lanes?
Every day, motorcycles make their way between the lanes of cars on the beltway or highway, especially in the Paris metro area. This forbidden practice could be legalized, under certain conditions, as recently indicated by Claude Guéant, Minister of the Interior. A work group, overseen by prefect Régis Guyot, which will make a report in June, met for the first time on Jan. 23 at the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transports and Housing to examine these conditions.
For a long time riders have been demanding lanesplitting legislation, which permits them to squeeze between cars and avoid traffic jams.
“We wouldn’t exist if we couldn’t do it!” exclaims, for example, Cyril Masson, president of the Moto-Taxi company Citybird, which can drive passengers from Paris to Roissy Airport twice as fast as cars.
There is no corresponding moving violation in the driving code, but riders mention three citations, which can add up: non-observance of a safe following distance (3 points on license), passing on the right (3 points on license), unlawful lane change (35 euros).
Nonetheless, the practice generates few accidents, states the French Institute of Transportation Science and Technology, and Resource Management (LFSTTAR). Only 1% of fatal accidents and 3.4% of injuries involving motorcycles took place between lanes in 2009. But the riders have to take extreme care.
Eleven of them, tested, filmed, and questioned by the LFSTTAR between August 2010 and August 2011 explain that before getting between the lanes, they observe the orientation of the car tires ahead of them, as well as the driver’s movements, where they fear a sudden shift. They try to stay visible by using warnings (flashing their highbeams) or making lateral shifts, and verify that they’ve been seen by looking for the driver’s eyes in the rearview mirror.
Some drivers find lanesplitting anxiety-inducing, especially those who kick cars to get them to move, or who honk along the way between lanes. The French Federation of Angry Bikers (FFMC), who claim 10,000 members and participated in the work group, advise against aggressive behavior.

Laurent Hecquet, Secretary General of 40 Million Drivers, which describes himself as "their spokesman with 320,000 members," said, for his part, supports a “sharing” of the road. This association is also a member of the work group.

Belgium legalized lanesplitting in September 2011, provided that the bikers do not exceed a speed of 50 km/h [31mph]. The differential with cars must not exceed 20 km/h [12 mph]. “But the Belgians have expected no effect on liability in case of accident,” says Jean-Luc Névache, the interministerial delegate in charge of road safety. "In Belgium, the courts decide. In France, we hope that it is the legislature that addresses these questions in advance," he said. Representatives of insurers and mutuals are also participating in the work group. They could decide that a car with a flashing turn signal has priority over the bike. Bikers should not be allowed to double-up between them.
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Re: Lanesharing

Postby Jusjih » Sat Feb 04, 2012 10:18 am

You converted 50 km/h and 20 km/h to miles per hours incorrectly. As a mile is about 1.6093 km, 50 km/h would be about 31 mph and 20 km/h would be about 12 mph. If you are unfamiliar with metric, asking me is the right way as I join the United States Metric Association with reciprocal links and disclaimers between my https://sites.google.com/site/jusjih/si-us-roads and http://lamar.colostate.edu/~hillger/links.htm .

However, the Task Force as our organization should stay neutral about whether American roads should go metric. Otherwise, some people will always be upset and oppose our campaign, thus complicating matters. The National Motorists Association also stays neutral about whether American roads should go metric, to avoid upsetting some people.

Though the NMA does not directly support lane sharing, it does, per http://www.motorists.org/about/ , ask that "[s]peed limits should be consistent with the typical speeds of normal, responsible drivers" (point 7), so I informally consider this indirectly supporting untra-slow and responsible lane sharing. I will ask the NMA someday.
JJ
https://sites.google.com/site/jusjih/motorcycles#lsm
alerts.motorists.org/nma-email-newsletter-issue-96

DISCLAIMER: This post does not necessarily reflect the formal opinions of my participating organizations.
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Re: Lanesharing

Postby Jillian » Sun Feb 05, 2012 11:09 am

Thanks for catching the typos, Justin. I corrected the article.

What I find most interesting about the campaign is that the FFMC (French Federation of Angry Bikers) sat in on and contributed to the study group. That's a huge goal for the NYMSTF -- to get our voices heard on legislation that affects us.
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Re: Lanesharing

Postby Jusjih » Tue Feb 07, 2012 7:35 am

If the American roads went metric much earlier, the wrong conversion would not happen. I am asking my State Legislators that conditionally legalized lane sharing should also be extended to require customs posts, gas stations, ferry docks, etc. to have advanced stop lines for motorcycles and bicycles per my revised https://sites.google.com/site/jusjih/motorcycles#asl . California already has many motorcyclists legally "jumping the lines" of stopped cars to toll booths as lane sharing is generally legal.
JJ
https://sites.google.com/site/jusjih/motorcycles#lsm
alerts.motorists.org/nma-email-newsletter-issue-96

DISCLAIMER: This post does not necessarily reflect the formal opinions of my participating organizations.
Jusjih
 
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Re: Lanesharing

Postby Jusjih » Wed Apr 04, 2012 2:26 pm

After Arizona House Bill 2475 in 2010 would try legalizing motorcycle lane splitting in Manicopa County with Phoenix for one year, vetoed by the Governor, Arizona House Bill 2077 in this year is trying legalizing motorcycle lane splitting at http://e-lobbyist.com/gaits/text/508410 by deleting the existing prohibition.

Section 7 of Article 5 of Arizona Constitution at http://www.azleg.gov/FormatDocument.asp ... st/5/7.htm provides that governor's veto means returning the bill to the legislature, then two-thirds of the legislature of the Senate and House each may still pass the bill into the law.

Many people claim motorcycle lane splitting to be dangerous without regard of different speeds of 5 versus 55. As the stopping distance from 5 miles per hour is extremely short per http://www.csgnetwork.com/stopdistcalc.html to be 0.32 m, slightly longer than a typical person's foot, existing bans will probably not be enforceable against lane splitting at such the low speed. A possible excuse is to claim driving at a "reasonable and prudent ultra-slow speed".

If bicycles may legally lane-split at 5 miler per hours, space-permitting, banning motorcycle from the same maneuver should be considered unconstitutional against the Equal Protection Clause in Section 1 of the 14th Amendment.

If ever accused of "improper" lane splitting even as slow as 5 miles per hour, I may volunteer to give very informal legal advice, then refer to potentially useful lawyers as needed, as http://attorney.motorists.org/ has useful lists of traffic lawyers and http://www.worldlawdirect.com/article/9 ... icket.html has detailed tips and tricks.

After getting conditionally legalized lane splitting, the next step is to get advanced stop lines per my https://sites.google.com/site/jusjih/motorcycles#asl with good reasons. However, we should never try getting advanced stop lines before conditionally legalized lane splitting, or we will copy the Taiwanese error, by painting advanced stop lines while motorcycle lane splitting is not very legal there.
JJ
https://sites.google.com/site/jusjih/motorcycles#lsm
alerts.motorists.org/nma-email-newsletter-issue-96

DISCLAIMER: This post does not necessarily reflect the formal opinions of my participating organizations.
Jusjih
 
Posts: 38
Joined: Mon Oct 31, 2011 8:32 am
Location: Long Island, New York, USA

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